I wouldn’t call myself a comma fan (yes, that word is really in the dictionary). But sometimes I have to admit that a sentence is too attached to the punctuation mark. When do you use a comma the right way?
In my texts I often put them in places that are not commas or in well-read sentences without commas.
For example in my last blog post this sentence:
There are many metaphors in my exciting novel Savelsbos, which are very common when examined closely.
When do you use a comma?
The comma here is unnecessary. Like most people, I have the annoying habit of declaring almost every rule with punctuation. There is no need for anything, and you get the moment from your story.
You can easily and easily read the above sentence without a comma.
There are so many metaphors in my exciting novel Savelsbos that they are very common on closer inspection.
How do you ensure your story is not delayed by excessive commas? And when is punctuation required? You can read the short guide below that I have compiled to help me correct and help others with the use of comma.
Manual: When do you use comma?
These 7 tips can help you avoid overuse of commas, but do not create a lack of clarity in your text.
Always put a comma between the two people’s forms
When two verbs or individual forms in a sentence interchange with each other (i.e. next to each other), you are always placed in a comma.
If you kiss me, I’ll give you a blow.
When we sing a song, we walk through the silent compartment.
Note: Sometimes something looks like a verb, but it is not a verb so nothing clashes.
We sing through the silent compartment
We don’t like singing
(“Singing” is an adjective here, and “singing” is a noun. The above sentences are not comma.)
Do not include a comma for a restriction clause. Limitation clause is a clause that limits the meaning of the main sentence to a specific category or type. You can never skip a restrictive clause because the meaning of the main sentence changes.
I don’t like eating sandwiches that someone has already taken a bite.
In this sense, “where someone has already taken a bite” is a restraining order.
Do not include a comma for restriction terms. Then you gain momentum from the sentence. The reader does not need to pause to understand the subordinate clause.
It was a car that ran a dent in our garage last night.
It was a car that ran a dent in our garage last night.
* The comma in the above sentence from my previous blog post about metaphors stands for a restraint clause. I was able to leave it at that.
Always set a comma for an expanding subordinate clause
The expanding clause is a clause that gives you additional information about the noun. This information is not necessary to understand the sentence. This is a kind of perk that you can leave without changing the meaning of the rest of the sentence.
Cassette tapes that almost no one uses nowadays are no longer found in most stores.
The subordinate clause is expanding (you can leave without affecting the meaning of the sentence about cassettes).
You should always keep a comma for the expanding subordinate clause so that the reader and any listeners understand that it is a side path, a block of additional information, in your sentence.
King William I, who came to power in 1028, was called William the Conqueror.
King William I, who came to power in 1028, was called William the Conqueror
If the adjectives can exchange places, put a comma. Between the adjectives, if you both say something about the noun, only put a comma, but nothing about the other.
That way they can change places without problems. Take the example:
The car ran on old, worn tires.
You can reverse these adjectives without changing the meaning, so you put a comma.
The car ran over worn, old tires
But in the following sentence you are dealing with a case separately.
The leader of the Tour de France fell into the mud. He was wearing a dirty yellow ater look.
You cannot change “dirty” and “yellow” here without changing the meaning, so you do not comma.
Do not include a comma before “that” conjunction
If you use the word “that” in conjunction (to glue two equal sentences together) you should not put a comma. It gains momentum from the sentence.
I’m going to win.
It was clear that the dog was tired.
We are happy that summer has come again.
In all these sentences, the comma is unnecessary.
The comma for “n” is usually unnecessary
The great opportunity that teachers and masters at school have taught you is that you do not need to comma before. They have a point.
As long as you connect two equivalent phrases “and” in conjunction, a comma is unnecessary. If one of the two phrases is too long and more complicated, you are better off placing a comma. Then the chaos is hidden.
The sun warms my skin and sets the street in clear light.
The guy gave me an apple and banana.
There is no need for a comma in these sentences. They are easy to understand. But you may have problems with the following sentence:
The man gave me an apple and took a parrot bite sitting on my shoulder.
Half of the sentence the reader thinks: Hey, man give you an apple along with a parrot? You can clarify a sentence with a comma.
The man gave me an apple, and took a parrot bite sitting on my shoulder.
(Some school rules are way better)
Always keep a comma after the prayer
If you write an e-mail or letter, put a comma after the name or title.
Dear Mr. de Hond,
If you end a sentence with the person you are addressing, put a comma in front of it.
Grandma, you have a lot of fun with the tomato fight.
Read more about comma?
As a source of this manual I have used the Writing Guide (the best advice book on language and spelling) and the inevitable Quick Play Guide from OneTalk, which has a separate chapter on the question: When do you use a comma?
Snellspellweiser wrote Wim Daniels, who gave the word “Kommaniker” a new meaning on Twitter (a term that is expanding by the way).
Lotte sends a card to the children from her class, with whom she had good times on a school trip to Greece.
Commands after ‘class’ your reader here describes expanding the subordinate clause. So Lotte treats everyone, and she and her children are reported to be spending a good deal of time in Greece. This is probably what you want to say.
But suppose you forgot to put a comma in this sentence:
Lotte sends a card to children in her class who have had a good time on a school trip in Greece.
In the absence of a comma, your reader should understand that the subordinate is actually limited here. So only the children of Lotte’s class had her wonderful times in Greece.
In short: sometimes it is better to be a “comma fighter”.
* Order a quick game guide here
* Order the Writing Guide here
* Undoubtedly I put commas in this article, I think you shouldn’t. Let me know in the comments
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